Aylesbury’s Stoke Mandeville Stadium has appeared on TV in Japan this week, as their Olympics Minister visited the birthplace of the Paralympics.
The Minister of the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games visited Stoke Mandeville on Thursday, as part of the country’s preparations for hosting of the games in 2020.
Mr Toshiaki Endo toured Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust’s National Spinal Injuries Centre (NSIC) at Stoke Mandeville Hospital and WheelPower’s Stoke Mandeville Stadium to discover the heritage and modern day life of the place globally recognised as the birthplace of the Paralympic movement.
The Tokyo 2020 government leader learned of the pioneering work of Paralympic founding father Sir Ludwig Guttmann who established the NSIC in 1944 and created the charity now known as WheelPower to provide grassroots sporting opportunities for disabled people.
Meeting with Martin McElhatton Chief Executive of WheelPower Mr Endo was impressed by the 1984 Paralympic cauldron on display at Stoke Mandeville Stadium and quizzed Martin on the size and the logistics of lighting the flame at the last Games to come to Stoke Mandeville over 30 years ago.
At the National Spinal Injuries Centre the Minister Toured the Spinal Gym before speaking at length to two NSIC patients – Paul Young and James Puttrell – who had both sustained their spinal injuries as a result of sporting accidents.
Paul said after the visit:
“I had been training to compete in the IronMan long distance triathlon cycling championships in Germany, when my cycle hit a car. It shattered my five-year long dream to make the world championships, and obviously changed my life forever.
“The Minister was very encouraging and asked me if my goal was now to compete in the Paralympics. It’s early days but sport is very much one of my focuses as I adapt to my new life. It would be an amazing achievement if I were to get there.
“The 2012 Paralympics catapulted disability sports onto a totally different level and remains an inspiration for everyone.”
Dot Tussler, Head Physiotherapist for the NSIC, said:
“Minister Endo was able to observe how the original philosophy of using sport as a key part of our patients’ rehabilitation is still at the heart of the NSIC’s approach.
“Not only is sport used to develop everyday life skills, but is also taken up by some or our patients for leisure or recreation. Some have gone on to compete at an elite level, like the Paralympics, and it is always a proud moment for all of us when someone we knew from the early days of their injury goes on to represent Great Britain.
“We wished Japan all the very best in building on the fantastic legacy left after the 2012 London Games.”
WheelPower’s Chief Executive Martin McElhatten said:
“We are incredibly proud of the world wide recognition for Stoke Mandeville Stadium and our work to provide sporting opportunities for disabled people.
“After London 2012 our mission was to provide a legacy through wheelchair sport, and immediately after the Paralympic Games we saw a 60% increase in demand for our junior sports programme.
“We take great pleasure in inspiring Mr Endo and the Tokyo 2020 team to provide the best possible Paralympics for the elite atheltes, but also to benefit the lives and opportunities for disabled people in Japan.”
Deaf community hopes 2020 Olympics a ‘game-changer’ for better social inclusion
Peggy Prosser was sitting in front of a travel agent in Japan when she was abruptly informed that she would not be able to fly back to the United States to visit her family because she is deaf.
When Prosser sat down with him, she had written out her itinerary and given it to him.
Initially he had assumed it was because she couldn’t speak Japanese, but when it became clear that she was deaf, he wrote on a piece of paper that flying was not an option as she would be unable to follow safety instructions.
To Prosser this was nonsense — after all, she had come to Japan by air — and definitely not part of any guidelines for dealing with deaf people. It spoke more to the ignorance of the travel agent than anything else. She finally got her tickets after the agent talked to a supervisor, but the incident left a bad aftertaste.
That was in 1993. But even now, Prosser believes discrimination against the deaf still exists as society is built for people who can speak and hear.
“I do see a lot of things changing for the better and some things for the worse,” said 52-year-old Prosser, who has lived in Japan for over 25 years. “Too often, deaf people are marginalized, forgotten or maybe ignored,” she said.
Prosser went deaf at the age of 5 for an unknown reason. Since then, American Sign Language has given her a new tool to communicate and a new way to interact with the world.
She does not remember how she lost her hearing but recalls the time when she no longer needed to wait for “a big yellow school bus” to go to school just like other kids in the neighborhood.
Living in Japan as a foreigner who is deaf has revealed many challenges. Prosser, who works as a travel agent for the deaf, hopes 2020 will be a game-changer in a society where a lack of understanding of the deaf population leads to audism — or the notion that one is superior based on an ability to hear.
“Access to public programs and services will give deaf people the experience they need to become empowered and give back to society,” Prosser said.
Many deaf people stress the importance of visualizing information as the hearing community often hesitates to communicate in writing, especially in times of emergency. Verbal announcements to tell commuters why a train has been delayed, for example, may not be helpful for the deaf.
Despite positive moves in recent years toward equal opportunities and to encourage people with disabilities to participate more in society, Japan is still seen as lagging behind the United States and European countries.
The U.S., for instance, celebrated the 25th anniversary in July of the Americans with Disabilities Act, which bans discrimination based on disabilities in employment and transportation services, among other areas.
In April a new law takes effect in Japan banning discrimination by government organizations and companies against people with disabilities.
Under the new law, public organizations both at the national and local levels will be legally obliged to give “reasonable accommodations,” or assistance to those in need, so social barriers can be removed, whereas companies are encouraged to follow suit.
Globally, some 1 billion people, or 15 percent of the world’s population, have a disability, and nearly 790 million are of working age, according to the International Labor Organization.
Japan’s disability employment rate stood at 1.82 percent as of June 2014, a record high for Japan but still below the 2 percent target set by the government for private companies, data show.
“Japan is one step behind” in promoting the employment of people with disabilities, said Sadanori Arimura, a professor well-versed in diversity management at Yamaguchi University.
“The government should aim for a higher target.”
People who have knowledge of disability employment point out one “pitfall” in hiring deaf people. They say that employers tend to believe deaf people are only unable to hear but otherwise can work just like anyone else. That misperception has prevented those with disabilities from receiving enough support in the workplace.
Even if they are hired, the chance of promotion to a managerial post is slim, and there is also a hiring gap between men and women, according to experts.
The inclusion of people with disabilities in various aspects of society is still a work in progress.
In a classroom in Tokyo, American instructor Martin Dale-Hench teaches Japanese students how to describe personal characteristics in ASL.
Offered by Japanese ASL Signers Society, a nonprofit organization, the course is designed to help Japanese students — both with or without hearing disabilities — deepen their understanding of different cultures and train volunteers for the Olympics in ASL.
Dale-Hench, 28, said encouraging Japanese students, especially those who can hear, to express their emotions when signing is a difficult part of teaching.
One of his students, Michiko Akimoto, a psychologist in her 30s, developed her interest in ASL after traveling to many countries, including the U.S., New Zealand, China and South Korea.
She believes learning a new sign language will open up more doors, and someday enable her to offer counseling services to foreigners who can’t hear.
“I want to continue studying and serve as a bridge for deaf people as the Tokyo Olympics (are) coming up,” Akimoto, who was born deaf, said through a sign language interpreter.
Foreigners like Prosser see a need for the tourism industry to cater more to the deaf population, as the 2020 games will likely encourage Japan to improve social infrastructure in coming years.
“I want the tourism sector to invest in tour programs for deaf people in the same way they add ramps for wheelchair users and audio guides for blind people,” Prosser said.
Source: Japan Times.